Learning is the process of acquiring new understanding, knowledge, behaviors, skills, values, attitudes, and preferences. The ability to learn is possessed by humans, animals, and some machines; there is also evidence for some kind of learning in certain plants. Learning is the relatively permanent change in a person’s knowledge or behavior due to experience. This definition has three components:

  • The duration of the change is long-term rather than short-term.


  • The locus of the change is the content and structure of knowledge in memory or the behavior of the learner.


  • The cause of the change is the learner’s experience in the environment rather than fatigue, motivation, drugs, physical condition or physiologic intervention.”

It involves strengthening the correct responses by weakening the incorrect responses, adding new information to your memory, making sense of the presented material by attending to relevant information, mentally reorganizing it, and connecting it with what you already know.”